Fire Extinguishers

Shall be conspicuously placed in appropriate areas of the construction or project site. As a minimum, a suitable (code compliant) extinguisher must be placed at;

  • each EXIT door on all floors
  • within 25’ of all hot work activities and operations, as well as on each welding cart

Fire Extinguishers on site shall have the following;

  • annual (in date) inspection tag
  • a gauge indicating fully charged, and
  • pin with security seal

Fire extinguishers shall only be used by personnel who have been trained to use this equipment

Persons without training shall evacuate the building

In the event of a fire emergency, regardless of size, the following shall occur;

  • Notify person(s) within the immediate vicinity of the fire, and request that they evacuate.
  • Leave the area or room, and if possible close the door to the room
  • Activate the closest fire alarm pull station, which is typically located next to the stairs or exit door.
  • From a safe location, such as outside by cell phone, dial the local emergency number or 911 and report the emergency.


  • If the above requirements have been completed, you are trained, and you are comfortable with the size of the fire and the use of the extinguisher, then attempt to extinguish the fire, but do not place yourself at risk.
  • Report all fires, and complete the appropriate incident reports. Return any damaged, defective, discharged or outdated extinguisher to the project superintendent for replacement.

Fire Suppression

The fire suppression systems (sprinkler, standpipe or other specialized system) shall be installed and maintained in accordance with the requirements of the Massachusetts State Building Code, 780 CMR 9.

  • For new construction in buildings that are > 3 stories in height, the standpipe system shall be installed as the building is constructed (as a dry system) for the local fire department
  • For alterations and renovations, existing sprinklers and/or standpipes must remain in place and operational until it is absolutely necessary to remove parts there-of.
  • Whenever the fire suppression system must be altered, shut-down or removed from service, the local fire department shall be notified in advance.
    • General Contractor shall also notify the owner and verify notification of owner's insurance company.


Heating Equipment


(29 CFR 1926.153)

(29 CFR 1926.154)

(527 CMR 10)

(527 CMR 20)

  • Heating equipment used on site shall meet the requirements of OSHA 29 CFR 1926.53; 1926.154 and the local and state fire prevention regulations.
    • Permits are required for the use of salamanders and other heating equipment that utilize natural gas and/or propane.
      • Propane gas tanks and cylinders require;
        • permits for the storage and use of gas
        • a suitable base
        • gas cylinders require a chain or strap for security, as wires and coat hangers are not permitted
    • No flammable or combustible gases or liquids, or open flames can be located near any means of egress on a construction site. If heaters are located in close proximity to a door, the fuel supplying same shall be a minimum of 25’ from the door.
    • When heating devices are utilized on site, which require combustible fuels, including coal, fuels, gases and wood, an approved carbon monoxide detector shall be used to verify that levels are carbon monoxide do not exceed 30ppm.






(29 CFR 1926.25)

(527 CMR 39)

  • The General Contractor is responsible for the overall housekeeping practices on the site.
  • As a minimum, the aisles, exits and other parts of the means of egress shall be properly maintained and free of unnecessary storage and waste.
  • Sawdust and other combustible materials such as cardboard and paper shall be removed daily to reduce the risk of injury and fire.
  • Trip and fall hazards shall be removed as soon as possible, especially in areas considered to be walk / work surfaces
  • Dumpsters > 6 cubic yards in size, located on a construction site require a permit from the fire department.
    • The dumpster shall not be placed up against the building under construction, unless approved by the local fire department.
    • The dumpster, in accordance with the requirements of the building code shall be immediately emptied, when full.

Housekeeping practices on this project is extremely important. In order to reduce the risk of fire, prevent injuries and reduce the risk of a regulatory inspection, housekeeping must be maintained.

  • Waste shall be discarded in a suitable container.
  • Sawdust and rags should be placed in a metal (approved) container with tight (proper-fitting) lid.
  • All waste containers (inside the building) shall be emptied at least daily.
  • Corridors and other walk / work areas shall not be used for storage.

Flammable / Combustible Liquids


(29 CFR 1926.152)

(527 CMR 20)

(527 CMR 14)

  • Shall be placed in appropriate containers and cabinets.
  • The cabinets and containers shall be NFPA compliant, as required by the local building and fire departments.
  • Shall not be located in a means of egress or exit.
  • Shall be labeled properly (without abbreviation). The name of the chemical and the appropriate hazard must appear on the “appropriate” container.




Welding / Cutting / Hot Work Activities


(29 CFR 1926 350 – 29CFR 1926.354)

(527 CMR 6)

Brazing, cutting, heating, soldering, welding and other spark producing work on this job requires the acquisition of a Hot Work Permit, as required by the local fire department and OSHA.

  • The basic requirements of a Hot Work Permit are;
    • The area(s) in which the Hot Work will be performed must be inspected
    • All containers, pipes and tanks that were used for other than water or steam shall first be purged and cleaned
    • All combustible material shall be located at least 35’ away from the Hot Work Area
    • Fire extinguishers must be of proper size and type for the Hot Work activity, and shall be located within 25’ of the Hot Work Area
      • Exhaust ventilation or other smoke evacuation / neutralization system shall be used at the area of Hot Work to reduce employee exposure.

For this project, the Hot Work Permit and Site Inspection is the responsibility of;





(_____) _______-___________




Owner / Company

Telephone Number


Hazard Communication and Right-to-Know


(29 CFR 1926.59)

(29 CFR 1910.1200)


All contractors working on this project are required to have a written Hazard Communication Program as required by OSHA and the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

  • Every employee on site must have proof of Hazard Communication / Right-to-Know Training

Each contractor on site shall have a binder or other General Contractor/Owner approved manual with all of the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for the products that will be used on the job site. The binder shall be all-inclusive and up-to-date.

  • The General Contractor will maintain all MSDS binders in the project / site office for the duration of the project

For any material left on site, after project completion, the GC shall provide a copy of the MSDS to the owner

  • All MSDS located in the binder shall be less than 5 years old

MSDS’s provided by Sub-Contractor 

Every container located on site shall be properly labeled, including those that contain water

    • The use of abbreviations or chemical symbols is not permitted. All container contents must be completely spelled out
    • The labels must be suitable for the environment. Containers placed outdoors shall not have labels that fade or deteriorate because of exposure to rain, snow or sunlight.

Every container shall identify the chemical hazard as well (i.e. corrosive, flammable, reactive or poison/toxic).

All warning labels and placards must be in place, and of the correct size and color to warn employees of potential hazards.

  • All labels and warnings shall face forward for purposes of inspection and emergency response.

Ladders & Stairways


(29 CFR 1926.1053 - 29 CFR 1926.1060)


  • Only Type I and Type II ladders shall be used on this project
  • All ladders shall be inspected before use, and shall be removed from service if broken, damaged or unsafe
    • The above referenced ladder must be tagged out – of – service and reported to the supervisor by the person performing the inspection
    • Ladders shall not be painted or covered in any manner that will hide cracks and other defects
    • Ladders shall have all of the appropriate warning and danger labels in place, maintained in legible condition
  • Ladders must be utilized in a manner specified by the manufacturer
  • The General Contractor shall determine the type of fall protection that shall be used when working with a ladder on the job site
    • Tying the ladder off, or having a person “spot” the ladder are possibilities
  • The ladder must be the appropriate size and type for the work being performed
  • Metal ladders shall not be used around electrical equipment such as power lines, transformers and electric panels 

Extension, Fly or Straight Ladders shall...

  • be pitched at the required 1 : 4 ratio
  • be tied or otherwise secured to the structure or elevated surface to prevent tipping or falling
  • be extended at least 3 (preferably 5) rungs above the elevated surface to be accessed
    • The top 3 rungs of the extension, fly or straight ladder shall not be used as a step

Fixed Ladders shall...

  • be made and installed for the environment it is intended to serve
  • be manufactured and installed in accordance with the ANSI Standard for Fixed Ladders
    • construction
    • elevations
    • fall protection
    • spacing from walls (> 7” from wall to rung)

The General Contractor shall verify that a suitable and approved means of fall protection will be affixed to the fixed ladder

  • Both permanent and temporary fixed ladders
  • be inspected by a “competent person” for structural integrity and general safety

Job Made Ladders shall...

  • be constructed in accordance with the requirements of OSHA

Step Ladders shall...

  • be opened completely with spreaders locked in place
  • not be used as straight ladders
  • be tall enough to perform the necessary work
  • The top 2 steps of a step ladder shall not be used for standing



(29 CFR 1926.54)

  • The General Contractor is responsible for the use of Lasers on the job Site
  • Lasers are regulated by there hazards. The laser(s) being used on his site are;

Class I

Class II

Class IIIa

Class IIIb

Class IV

  • Class II and IIIa lasers are often found on construction sites for the purpose of aligning and leveling.
  • In order to use a laser on a construction site, the employee must be properly trained, and have proof of training
  • When the laser is not being actively used (breaks, lunch, or other extended periods of > 10 minutes) the laser shall be shut-off.
  • The GC must insure that all entrances to the work area where lasers are being used shall be labeled with the appropriate approved DANGER or WARNING signs that indicate the a Class II or IIIa laser is in use
    • Lasers must have appropriate labels, stickers and warnings affixed, which shall be maintained in good condition
    • Reflective surfaces, including mirrors shall not be located in areas where lasers are in use.
    • Specialized protective eyewear may be required

Machine and Equipment Guarding


[29 CFR 1926.300(b) (1)]

  • Machine guarding shall meet the requirements of OSHA
  • All exposed blades shall be guarded to prevent accidental injury
  • All belts and pulley’s will be protected with a suitable guard to prevent accidental contact
  • All table saws shall have the appropriate blade guards, anti-kickback devices and push sticks
  • The GC shall be responsible for determining what equipment shall have guards, and the appropriate guard for the equipment or machine.
    • Guards shall be used and installed in accordance with manufacturers specifications



The General Contractor is responsible for the procurement of all appropriate permits for the project. For this project, the following permits will be required;


Air Quality for Demolition


















Dig safe 







(> 6 cubic yards) 























Fire Detection






Fire Suppression






Flammable Liquid












Hot Work























Personal Protective Equipment


(29 CFR 1926.28)

(29 CFR 1926.95)


The General Contractor shall be responsible for employees wearing the appropriatepersonal protective equipment on the construction site, if there is an exposure to a hazardous condition, or if regulations require the use of specified equipment to reduce the hazards on site.

Hazard Assessment - The General Contractor shall perform a hazard assessment for this project. During the assessment, the contractor(s) shall identify potential areas of concern, such as;

    • Sources of motion, such as machines and tools
    • High and low temperatures
    • Chemical Exposures
    • Health related hazards
    • Sources of radiation, such as lasers
    • Falling and sharp objects
    • Electrical hazards
  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) includes, but is not limited to the following;
  • Eyes / Face

Eye protection for this project shall include the following;


Safety Glasses (with side shields)     




Face Shield


Specialized Eyewear

o    Safety glasses shall only be used for impact protection

o    Prescription safety glasses shall have side shields in place, if being used as safety glasses

o    Goggles shall be worn whenever chemicals are used, or there is a splash potential

o    Face Shields are secondary protection. They must be worn over safety glasses or goggles

  • Eye Protections for this project shall be worn;
  • At all times on the construction site (inside the fence)
  • When performing work that involves impact
  • When using chemicals

Fall Protection


(29 CFR 1926 500)

  • Shall be supplied and maintained by the appropriate contractor(s)
  • The General Contractor is responsible for the use of fall protection on site.
  • All fall protection equipment shall be properly inspected before use, and shall be maintained in accordance with the requirements of the manufacturer
  • Fall protection shall be kept clean and stored in appropriate containers (when not in use) to protect it from environmental conditions and other damage

Foot Protection


(29 CFR 1926.96)

  • For this project the use of foot protection is required _____   not required _____
  • Foot protection shall be work-type specific (i.e. EH – Electrical Hazards)

Hand Protection

  • For this project, the following types of hand protection shall be used;
  • Chemical Resistant Gloves for the following materials:


    • _____________________________________________________
  • Leather Gloves
  • Other:


    • _____________________________________________________

Hearing Protection


(29 CFR 1926.52)

(29 CFR 1926.101)

The General Contractor is responsible for hearing conservation and protection on this work site. Through the General Contractor or the appropriate sub-contractor, all employees shall be provided with hearing protection to reduce the dB levels in accordance with OSHA requirements.

  • The GC shall make the following hearing protection available
    • Ear Plugs
    • Ear Muffs
    • Other Engineering Control:
    • _________________________________________________________

Head Protection


(29 CFR 1926.100)

The General Contractor is responsible for the use of head protection on the work site.

  • For the duration of this project, hard hats will be required in all areas of the job site
  • In order to remove a hard hat inside the building, permission must be obtained (in advance) for reasons of liability from the General Contractor or their designated representative.

Respiratory Protection


(29 CFR 1926.103)

Respiratory protection on this job site is the responsibility of the General Contractor.

Any company (General Contractor or Sub-Contractor) wishing to use a respirator shall have a written Respirator Program that meets the requirements of OSHA.

  • Only persons that have been medically evaluated to wear a respirator can be provide with a respirator.
  • Contractors are completely responsible for persons using respirators on site. Even when the respirator is purchased and brought to the site by the employee, without prior company knowledge, the company is still responsible for the health and safety of that employee, who may be using the inappropriate respiratory protection.
  • Because a dust mask is a negative pressure respirator, it must be included in a written respirator program, and the employee must be approved to wear it.

Exception: if the employee asks to wear a respirator (not required to), it can be provided

Aerial (Personnel) Lifts


(29 CFR 1910.66)

(29 CFR 1926.453)

  • Personnel lifts such as articulating booms, single person upright lifts (i.e. Genie, JLG and Uprights) and scissors lifts shall be used in a manner specified by the manufacturer, in accordance with the requirements of OSHA 29 CFR 1910.66.
  • All articulating booms, including Genie lifts and truck mounted articulating booms are required to have personal fall protection equipment, consisting of approved full body harness and lanyards.
  • Scissors Lifts, as well as Genie, JLG and Upright Lifts that are equipped with a guardrail system do not require the use of a full body harness and lanyard, as the cage (guardrail) is considered fall protection.
    • Exception: If manufacturers specifications or company policy indicate that the full body harness and lanyard (or similar) is required, the use of same shall be mandated.
  • Any person using a personnel lift must be properly trained, in accordance with manufacturer’s specifications
  • All lifts shall bear the following manuals and warnings, in legible condition;
    • The operators manual shall be located on the lift at all times, for ease of reference
    • All danger and warning stickers shall be attached to the lift and shall be in legible condition
  • Personnel lifts shall be inspected before each use, and must be removed from service if a deficiency is noted
    • All safety devices and related equipment shall by tested as part of the inspection for proper operation.
    • The lift, if damaged or otherwise impaired shall be tagged “out-of-service” to prevent use, until repaired.
      • Lifts shall only be repaired or altered by a service technician approved by the manufacturer.
  • Whenever a lift is utilized (exterior or interior), the area / site shall be inspected for hazards, which include, but are not limited to;
    • Overhead concerns (i.e. beams and columns, lights, sprinklers, etc.)
    • Flooring and ground abnormalities (i.e. holes, unstable / soft ground, floor vents and grates)
  • Personnel who utilize one of the lifts referenced above can use same to access a higher level platform, provided;
    • they are attached to the structural component of the lift (with harness and dual lanyard) that provides them with the ability to have fall protection attached to the lift, and another lanyard that can be attached to an adequate, recognized anchor point on the elevated surface, before the primary lanyard is disconnected from the personnel lift.


H-Pile and Sheet Pile Driving


(29 CFR 1926.603)


  • Boilers and piping systems which are a part of, or used with, pile driving equipment shall meet the applicable requirements of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Power Boilers (section I).
  • All presser vessels which are a part of, or used with, pile driving equipment shall meet the applicable requirements of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Pressure Vessels (section VIII)
  • Stop blocks shall be provided fro the leads to prevent the hammer from being raised against the head block.
  • A blocking device, capable of safely supporting the weight of the hammer, shall be provided for placement in the leads under the hammer at all times while employees are working under the hammer.
  • Guards shall be provided across the top of the head block to prevent the cable from jumping out of the sheaves.
  • Fixed leads shall be provided with ladder, and adequate rings, or similar attachment points, so that the loft worker may engage his safety belt lanyard to the leads.
  • Safety chains, or equivalent means, shall be provided for each hose connection to prevent the line from thrashing around in case the coupling becomes disconnected.
  • Guys, outriggers, thrust outs, or counterbalances shall be provided as necessary to maintain stability of pile driver rigs.
  • Pile driving from barges and floats. Barges or floats supporting pile driving operations shall meet the applicable requirements of 1926.605. Also see Item 3. entitled Marine Operations and Equipment.
  • Engineers and winch-men shall accept signals only from designated signalmen.
  • All employees shall be kept clear when piling is being hoisted into the leads.





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